Toyota Corolla Cross Owners & Service Manuals

Toyota Corolla Cross: Vehicle Speed Signal Circuit Open (B228231,B228262)

DESCRIPTION

DTC B228231 is stored when the vehicle speed signal sent by the skid control ECU via direct line and the vehicle speed signal sent via CAN communication do not match.

DTC B228262 is stored when a malfunction in the vehicle speed sensor is detected.

DTC No.

Detection Item

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

Note

B228231

Vehicle Speed Signal Circuit Open

Vehicle speed signal malfunction is detected (excessive deceleration is detected). (1-trip detection logic*)

  • Electronically controlled brake system
  • Certification ECU (smart key ECU assembly)
  • Wire harness or connector
DTC Output Confirmation Operation:
  • Drive the vehicle at a vehicle speed of 25 km/h (16 mph) or more for 20 seconds, and then drive the vehicle at a vehicle speed of less than 5 km/h (3 mph) for 20 seconds.

B228262

Vehicle Speed Signal Compare Failure

The vehicle speed signal sent by the skid control ECU via direct line and the vehicle speed signal sent via CAN communication do not match. (1-trip detection logic*)

  • Electronically controlled brake system
  • Certification ECU (smart key ECU assembly)
  • Wire harness or connector
DTC Output Confirmation Operation:
  • Drive the vehicle at a vehicle speed of 50 km/h (31 mph) or more for 10 seconds, and then drive the vehicle at a vehicle speed of less than 50 km/h (31 mph).
  • *: Only detected while a malfunction is present and the ignition switch is ON.
Vehicle Condition and Fail-safe Function when Malfunction Detected

DTC Code

Vehicle Condition when Malfunction Detected

Fail-safe Function when Malfunction Detected

B228231

  • The power source mode is changed to off (the hybrid control system is stopped) by pressing the power switch while the vehicle is being driven.
  • With the electrical key transmitter sub-assembly in the cabin, even if a hybrid control system start operation is performed, the hybrid control system will not start.

-

B228262

  • When the signal sent via either direct line or CAN communication is malfunctioning and indicates that the vehicle speed is 0 km/h (0 mph), there is no effect on vehicle behavior.
  • When the signal sent via either direct line or CAN communication is malfunctioning and indicates that the vehicle is moving, the ignition switch cannot be turned from ON to off.

-

Related Data List and Active Test Items

DTC No.

Data List and Active Test

B228231

B228262

Power Source Control
  • Vehicle Running Condition (Line)
  • Power Supply Condition
Brake/EPB
  • Vehicle Speed

WIRING DIAGRAM

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

  • When using the GTS with the ignition switch off, connect the GTS to the DLC3 and turn a courtesy light switch on and off at intervals of 1.5 seconds or less until communication between the GTS and the vehicle begins.

    Then select Model Code "KEY REGIST" under manual mode and enter the following menus: Body Electrical / Start Key(CAN). While using the GTS, periodically turn a courtesy light switch on and off at intervals of 1.5 seconds or less to maintain communication between the GTS and the vehicle.

  • The smart key system (for Start Function) uses the LIN communication system and CAN communication system. Inspect the communication function by following How to Proceed with Troubleshooting. Troubleshoot the smart key system (for Start Function) after confirming that the communication systems are functioning properly.

    Click here

  • Before replacing the certification ECU (smart key ECU assembly), refer to Registration.

    Click here

  • After repair, confirm that no DTCs are output by performing "DTC Output Confirmation Operation".

PROCEDURE

1.

READ VALUE USING GTS (VEHICLE SPEED)

(a) Read the Data List according to the display on the GTS.

Chassis > Brake/EPB > Data List

Tester Display

Measurement Item

Range

Normal Condition

Diagnostic Note

Vehicle Speed

Vehicle speed

Min.: 0.0 km/h (0 mph)

Max.: 6553.5 km/h (4072 mph)

Vehicle stopped: 0.0 km/h (0 mph)

When driving at constant speed: No large fluctuations

Chassis > Brake/EPB > Data List

Tester Display

Vehicle Speed

OK:

Vehicle speed displayed on the GTS is almost the same as the actual vehicle speed measured using a speedometer tester.

NG

GO TO ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED BRAKE SYSTEM

OK

2.

READ VALUE USING GTS (VEHICLE RUNNING CONDITION (LINE))

(a) Read the Data List according to the display on the GTS.

Body Electrical > Power Source Control > Data List

Tester Display

Measurement Item

Range

Normal Condition

Diagnostic Note

Vehicle Running Condition (Line)

Vehicle being driven or stopped

Stop or Driving

Stop: Vehicle stopped

Driving: Vehicle being driven at 5 km/h (3 mph) or more

-

Body Electrical > Power Source Control > Data List

Tester Display

Vehicle Running Condition (Line)

OK:

The GTS display changes correctly in response to the vehicle condition.

Result

Proceed to

The value of Vehicle Running Condition (Line) is Stop

A

The value of Vehicle Running Condition (Line) is not Stop

B

B

GO TO STEP 4

A

3.

READ VALUE USING GTS (VEHICLE RUNNING CONDITION (LINE))

(a) Read the Data List according to the display on the GTS.

Body Electrical > Power Source Control > Data List

Tester Display

Measurement Item

Range

Normal Condition

Diagnostic Note

Vehicle Running Condition (Line)

Vehicle being driven or stopped

Stop or Driving

Stop: Vehicle stopped

Driving: Vehicle being driven at 5 km/h (3 mph) or more

-

Body Electrical > Power Source Control > Data List

Tester Display

Vehicle Running Condition (Line)

OK:

The GTS display changes correctly in response to the vehicle condition.

Result

Proceed to

The value of Vehicle Running Condition (Line) is Driving

A

The value of Vehicle Running Condition (Line) is not Driving

B

A

GO TO ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED BRAKE SYSTEM

B

4.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CERTIFICATION ECU (SMART KEY ECU ASSEMBLY) - SKID CONTROL ECU (BRAKE ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY))

(a) Disconnect the A151 skid control ECU (brake actuator assembly) connector.

(b) Disconnect the I223 certification ECU (smart key ECU assembly) connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

I223-13 (SPD) - A151-33 (SP1)

Always

Below 1 Ω

I223-13 (SPD) or A151-33 (SP1) - Other terminals and body ground

Always

10 kΩ or higher

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

OK

5.

CHECK CERTIFICATION ECU (SMART KEY ECU ASSEMBLY)

(a) Connect the I223 certification ECU (smart key ECU assembly) connector.

(b) Connect the A151 skid control ECU (brake actuator assembly) connector.

(c) Using an oscilloscope, check the waveform.

*a

Component with harness connected

(Certification ECU (Smart Key ECU Assembly))

*b

Waveform

OK:

Tester Connection

Condition

Tool Setting

Specified Condition

I223-13 (SPD) - I222-29 (E)

Ignition switch ON, vehicle being driven at approx. 5 km/h (3 mph)

5 V/DIV., 20 ms./DIV.

Pulse generation

(See waveform)

HINT:

The wavelength becomes shorter as the vehicle speed increases.

OK

REPLACE CERTIFICATION ECU (SMART KEY ECU ASSEMBLY)

NG

GO TO ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED BRAKE SYSTEM (HOW TO PROCEED WITH TROUBLESHOOTING)

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