Toyota Corolla Cross Owners & Service Manuals

Toyota Corolla Cross: O2 Sensor Circuit Range/Performance Bank 1 Sensor 1 Signal Rate of Change Below Threshold (P2A0026)

Toyota Corolla Cross (2022-2024) Service Manual / Engine & Hybrid System / M20a-fxs (engine Control) / Sfi System / O2 Sensor Circuit Range/Performance Bank 1 Sensor 1 Signal Rate of Change Below Threshold (P2A0026)

DESCRIPTION

Refer to DTC P003012.

Click here

DTC No.

Detection Item

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

MIL

Note

P2A0026

O2 Sensor Circuit Range/Performance Bank 1 Sensor 1 Signal Rate of Change Below Threshold

The calculated value for the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) response rate deterioration level is less than the threshold (2 trip detection logic).

  • Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1)
  • Intake system
  • Port fuel injector assembly
  • Direct fuel injector assembly
  • Fuel pressure (for low pressure)
  • Fuel pressure (for high pressure)
  • Fuel system
  • EGR valve assembly
  • ECM

Comes on

  • SAE Code: P2A00
  • DTC for Mexico Models: Applies (Mexico models only)

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

After the engine is warmed up, the ECM performs air fuel ratio feedback control to maintain the air fuel ratio at the stoichiometric level. In addition, active air fuel ratio control is performed for approximately 30 seconds after preconditions are met in order to measure the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) response rate. During active air fuel ratio control, the ECM forcibly increases and decreases the injection volume by a certain amount, based on the stoichiometric air fuel ratio learned during normal air fuel ratio control, and measures the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) response rate. The ECM receives a signal from the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) while performing active air fuel ratio control and uses it to calculate the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) response rate deterioration level.

If the value for the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) response rate deterioration level is less than the threshold, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction and stores the DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Required Sensors/Components

Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1)

Frequency of Operation

Once per driving cycle

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Active air fuel ratio control

Performing

Active air fuel ratio control performed when following conditions met

-

Engine coolant temperature

75°C (167°F) or higher

Idling

Off

Engine speed

Less than 4000 rpm

Air fuel ratio sensor status

Activated

Engine load

10% or higher, and less than 70%

Catalyst monitor

Not executing

Mass air flow

8 gm/sec or more, and less than 23.8 gm/sec

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

HINT:

  • Performing this confirmation driving pattern will activate the air fuel ratio sensor response monitor.
  • After repair has been completed, clear the DTC and then check that the vehicle has returned to normal by performing the following All Readiness check procedure.

    Click here

  • When clearing the permanent DTCs, refer to the "CLEAR PERMANENT DTC" procedure.

    Click here

  1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch to ON.
  3. Turn the GTS on.
  4. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC procedure).
  5. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  6. Turn the ignition switch to ON and turn the GTS on.
  7. Put the engine in inspection mode (Maintenance Mode).

    Click here

  8. Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature is 75°C (167°F) or higher [A].
  9. With the engine running, drive the vehicle at approximately 60 to 100 km/h (37 to 62 mph) for 10 minutes or more in a city area [B].

    CAUTION:

    When performing the confirmation driving pattern, obey all speed limits and traffic laws.

    HINT:

    If the engine stops, further depress the accelerator pedal to restart the engine.

  10. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes [C].
  11. Read the pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  12. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  13. Input the DTC: P2A0026.
  14. Check the DTC judgment result.

    GTS Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result shows NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result shows ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
    • If the judgment result shows INCOMPLETE and no pending DTC is output, perform the following procedure.
    • [A] to [C]: Normal judgment procedure.

      The normal judgment procedure is used to complete DTC judgment and also used when clearing permanent DTCs.

    • When clearing the permanent DTCs, do not disconnect the cable from the auxiliary battery terminal or attempt to clear the DTCs during this procedure, as doing so will clear the universal trip and normal judgment histories.
  15. With the engine running, drive the vehicle at a speed between 75 and 100 km/h (47 and 62 mph) for 10 minutes [D].

    CAUTION:

    When performing the confirmation driving pattern, obey all speed limits and traffic laws.

    HINT:

    If the engine stops, further depress the accelerator pedal to restart the engine.

  16. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes [E].
  17. Read the pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  18. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  19. Input the DTC: P2A0026.
  20. Check the DTC judgment result.

    GTS Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result shows NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result shows ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
    • If the judgment result shows INCOMPLETE, drive the vehicle again under an increased load and then recheck the judgment result.
    • [A] to [E]: Normal judgment procedure.

      The normal judgment procedure is used to complete DTC judgment and also used when clearing permanent DTCs.

    • When clearing the permanent DTCs, do not disconnect the cable from the auxiliary battery terminal or attempt to clear the DTCs during this procedure, as doing so will clear the universal trip and normal judgment histories.

WIRING DIAGRAM

Refer to DTC P003012.

Click here

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

  • Inspect the fuses for circuits related to this system before performing the following procedure.
  • Vehicle Control History may be stored in the hybrid vehicle control ECU assembly if the engine is malfunctioning. Certain vehicle condition information is recorded when Vehicle Control History is stored. Reading the vehicle conditions recorded in both the freeze frame data and Vehicle Control History can be useful for troubleshooting.

    Click here

    (Select Powertrain in Health Check and then check the time stamp data.)

  • If any "Engine Malfunction" Vehicle Control History item has been stored in the hybrid vehicle control ECU assembly, make sure to clear it. However, as all Vehicle Control History items are cleared simultaneously, if any Vehicle Control History items other than "Engine Malfunction" are stored, make sure to perform any troubleshooting for them before clearing Vehicle Control History.

    Click here

HINT:

  • DTC P2A0026 may be also stored when the air fuel ratio is stuck at rich or lean.
  • A low air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) voltage could be caused by a rich air fuel mixture. Check for conditions that would cause the engine to run rich.
  • A high air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) voltage could be caused by a lean air fuel mixture. Check for conditions that would cause the engine to run lean.
  • Sensor 1 refers to the sensor closest to the engine assembly.
  • Sensor 2 refers to the sensor farthest away from the engine assembly.
  • Read freeze frame data using the GTS. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK ANY OTHER DTCS OUTPUT (IN ADDITION TO DTC P2A0026)

(a) Read the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Trouble Codes

Result

Proceed to

DTC P2A0026 is output

A

DTC P2A0026 and other DTCs are output

B

HINT:

If any DTCs other than P2A0026 are output, troubleshoot those DTCs first.

B

GO TO DTC CHART

A

2.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CONTROL THE INJECTION VOLUME FOR A/F SENSOR)

(a) Put the engine in Inspection Mode (Maintenance Mode).

Powertrain > Hybrid Control > Utility

Tester Display

Inspection Mode

(b) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature reaches 75°C (167°F) or higher.

(c) Idle the engine for 5 minutes or more with park (P) selected.

(d) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Injection Volume for A/F Sensor

Data List Display

Coolant Temperature

A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1

A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2

(e) Perform the Control the Injection Volume for A/F Sensor operation with the engine idling.

(f) Monitor the output values of the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) and air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2) (A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1 and A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2) displayed on the GTS.

HINT:

  • The Control the Injection Volume for A/F Sensor operation lowers the fuel injection volume by 12.5% or increases the injection volume by 12.5%.
  • The air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) has an output delay of a few seconds and the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2) has a maximum output delay of approximately 20 seconds.
  • If the sensor output value does not change (almost no reaction) while performing the Active Test, the sensor may be malfunctioning.
Standard

GTS Display (Sensor)

Injection Volume

Status

Value

A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1

(Air fuel ratio (sensor 1))

12.5%

Rich

Below -0.075 mA

-12.5%

Lean

More than 0.037 mA

A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2

(Air fuel ratio (sensor 2))

12.5%

Rich

Below -0.86 mA

-12.5%

Lean

More than 0.33 mA

Status of A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1

Status of A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2

Air Fuel Ratio Condition and Air Fuel Ratio Sensor (Sensor 1) Condition

Proceed to

Lean/Rich

Lean/Rich

Normal

A

Lean

Lean

Actual air fuel ratio lean

B

Rich

Rich

Actual air fuel ratio rich

Lean

Lean/Rich

Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) malfunction

C

Rich

Lean/Rich

Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) malfunction

  • Lean: During the Control the Injection Volume for A/F Sensor Active Test, the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) output current (A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1) is consistently more than 0.037 mA, and the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2) output current (A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2) is consistently more than 0.33 mA.
  • Rich: During the Control the Injection Volume for A/F Sensor Active Test, the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) output current (A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1) is consistently below -0.075 mA, and the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2) output current (A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2) is consistently below -0.86 mA.
  • Lean/Rich: During the Control the Injection Volume for A/F Sensor Active Test, the output current of the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) or air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2) alternates correctly.

HINT:

Refer to "Data List / Active Test" [A/F (O2) Sensor Voltage B1S1, A/F (O2) Sensor Voltage B2S1, A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2 and A/F (O2) Sensor Current B2S2].

Click here

B

GO TO STEP 7

C

GO TO STEP 16

A

3.

CLEAR DTC

(a) Clear the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Clear DTCs

(b) Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

NEXT

4.

CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P2A0026)

(a) Drive the vehicle in accordance with the driving pattern described in the Confirmation Driving Pattern.

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Utility

Tester Display

All Readiness

(c) Input the DTC: P2A0026.

(d) Check the DTC judgment result.

Result

Proceed to

NORMAL

(DTCs are not output)

A

ABNORMAL

(DTC P2A0026 is output)

B

A

END

B

5.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CONTROL THE EGR STEP POSITION)

(a) Put the engine in Inspection Mode (Maintenance Mode).

Powertrain > Hybrid Control > Utility

Tester Display

Inspection Mode

(b) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature reaches 75°C (167°F) or higher.

HINT:

The A/C switch and all accessory switches should be off.

(c) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the EGR Step Position

Data List Display

Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure

Coolant Temperature

Engine Independent

(d) Confirm that the value of Data List item Engine Independent is "Operate" then check the value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure while performing the Active Test.

NOTICE:

  • Make sure that the value of Data List item Engine Independent is "Operate" while performing the Active Test.
  • Do not leave the EGR valve open for 10 seconds or more during the Active Test.
  • Be sure to return the EGR valve to step 0 when the Active Test is completed.
  • Do not open the EGR valve 30 steps or more during the Active Test.

OK:

The value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure changes in response to the EGR step position when the value of Engine Independent is "Operate".

Standard:

-

EGR Step Position (Active Test)

0 Steps

0 to 30 Steps

Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure

(Data List)

(EGR valve is fully closed)

Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure value is at least +10 kPa (1.45 psi) higher than when EGR valve is fully closed

HINT:

  • If the value of Data List item Engine Independent is "Not Opr" when the engine is idling, charge control is being performed. Perform the Active Test after charge control is complete ("Operate" is displayed).
  • While performing the Active Test, if the increase in the value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure is small, the EGR valve assembly may be malfunctioning.
  • Even if the EGR valve assembly is malfunctioning, rough idling or an increase in the value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure may occur while performing the Active Test. However, the amount that the value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure increases will be smaller than normal.
OK

GO TO STEP 16

NG

6.

INSPECT EGR VALVE ASSEMBLY

(a) Remove the EGR valve assembly.

Click here

(b) Check if the EGR valve is stuck open.

OK:

EGR valve is tightly closed.

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the EGR valve assembly.

Click here

OK

GO TO STEP 16

NG

REPLACE EGR VALVE ASSEMBLY

7.

INSPECT AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (SENSOR 1) (HEATER RESISTANCE)

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1).

Click here

NG

REPLACE AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (SENSOR 1)

OK

8.

CHECK INTAKE SYSTEM

(a) Check the intake system for vacuum leaks.

Click here

OK:

No leaks in the intake system.

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after repairing or replacing the intake system.

Click here

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE INTAKE SYSTEM

OK

9.

CHECK FOR EXHAUST GAS LEAK

(a) Check for exhaust gas leaks.

OK:

No gas leaks.

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after repairing or replacing the exhaust system.

Click here

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE EXHAUST SYSTEM

OK

10.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CONTROL THE EGR STEP POSITION)

(a) Put the engine in Inspection Mode (Maintenance Mode).

Powertrain > Hybrid Control > Utility

Tester Display

Inspection Mode

(b) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature reaches 75°C (167°F) or higher.

HINT:

The A/C switch and all accessory switches should be off.

(c) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the EGR Step Position

Data List Display

Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure

Coolant Temperature

Engine Independent

(d) Confirm that the value of Data List item Engine Independent is "Operate" then check the value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure while performing the Active Test.

NOTICE:

  • Make sure that the value of Data List item Engine Independent is "Operate" while performing the Active Test.
  • Do not leave the EGR valve open for 10 seconds or more during the Active Test.
  • Be sure to return the EGR valve to step 0 when the Active Test is completed.
  • Do not open the EGR valve 30 steps or more during the Active Test.

OK:

The value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure changes in response to the EGR step position when the value of Engine Independent is "Operate".

Standard:

-

EGR Step Position (Active Test)

0 Steps

0 to 30 Steps

Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure

(Data List)

(EGR valve is fully closed)

Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure value is at least +10 kPa (1.45 psi) higher than when EGR valve is fully closed

HINT:

  • If the value of Data List item Engine Independent is "Not Opr" when the engine is idling, charge control is being performed. Perform the Active Test after charge control is complete ("Operate" is displayed).
  • While performing the Active Test, if the increase in the value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure is small, the EGR valve assembly may be malfunctioning.
  • Even if the EGR valve assembly is malfunctioning, rough idling or an increase in the value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure may occur while performing the Active Test. However, the amount that the value of Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure increases will be smaller than normal.
OK

GO TO STEP 12

NG

11.

INSPECT EGR VALVE ASSEMBLY

(a) Remove the EGR valve assembly.

Click here

(b) Check if the EGR valve is stuck open.

OK:

EGR valve is tightly closed.

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the EGR valve assembly.

Click here

NG

REPLACE EGR VALVE ASSEMBLY

OK

12.

CHECK FUEL PRESSURE (LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

Click here

NG

GO TO STEP 19

OK

13.

INSPECT PORT FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

(a) Inspect the port fuel injector assembly (whether fuel volume is high or low, and whether injection pattern is poor).

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the port fuel injector assembly.

Click here

NG

REPLACE PORT FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

OK

14.

READ VALUE USING GTS (FUEL PRESSURE (HIGH))

(a) Put the engine in Inspection Mode (Maintenance Mode).

Powertrain > Hybrid Control > Utility

Tester Display

Inspection Mode

(b) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature is 75°C (167°F) or higher with all the accessories switched off.

(c) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

Engine Speed

Coolant Temperature

Fuel Pressure (High)

Injection Mode

(d) According to the display on the GTS, read the Data List.

HINT:

During charge control, the engine speed is set at idle. Therefore, the engine speed will not increase when the accelerator pedal is depressed. In this case, read the Data List after charge control has completed.

Standard:

GTS Display

Condition

Specified Condition

Fuel Pressure (High)

  • Shift position: P
  • A/C: Off
  • Engine warmed up
  • Engine Speed: 2500 rpm
  • Injection Mode: Direct

3000 to 25000 kPag

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE FUEL SYSTEM (FOR HIGH PRESSURE)

OK

15.

INSPECT DIRECT FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the direct fuel injector assembly.

Click here

NG

REPLACE DIRECT FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

OK

16.

REPLACE AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (SENSOR 1)

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1).

Click here

NEXT

17.

CLEAR DTC

(a) Clear the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Clear DTCs

(b) Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

NEXT

18.

CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P2A0026)

(a) Drive the vehicle in accordance with the driving pattern described in the Confirmation Driving Pattern.

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Utility

Tester Display

All Readiness

(c) Input the DTC: P2A0026.

(d) Check the DTC judgment result.

Result

Proceed to

ABNORMAL

(DTC P2A0026 is output)

A

NORMAL

(DTCs are not output)

B

A

REPLACE ECM

B

END

19.

CHECK FUEL LINE (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

(a) Check the fuel lines (for low pressure side) for leaks or blockage.

OK

GO TO FUEL PUMP CONTROL CIRCUIT

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE FUEL LINE (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

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